United Nations’ specialised agency for information and communication technologies —International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released the Global Cyber Security Index (GCI) 2020. India has ranked tenth (10th) in Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2020 by ITU by moving up 37 places.

  • The US topped the chart, followed by the UK and Saudi Arabia tied on the second position, while Estonia was ranked third in the index.
  • Performance of India and its neighbours:
    1. India is placed in the 10th spot. In 2018, it was ranked on the 47th spot. It was ranked rank 47 in 2019.
    2. In the Asia-Pacific region, India secured the 4th spot.
    3. Neighbours China and Pakistan were ranked at 33 and 79, respectively
    4. India is emerging as a global IT superpower, asserting its digital sovereignty with firm measures to safeguard data privacy and the online rights of citizens. The result shows substantial overall improvement and strengthening under all parameters of the cybersecurity domain.
  • Efforts to Improve Cyber Security in India:
    • National Cyber Security Strategy 2020: It is being formulated to improve cyber awareness and cybersecurity through more stringent audits.
    • (Draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 )based on the recommendation of Justice BN Srikrishna Committee) to secure citizens’ data.
    • The scheme to set up I4C (Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre)was approved in October 2018, to deal with all types of cybercrimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
    • National Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) functions as the nodal agency for coordination of all cybersecurity efforts, emergency responses, and crisis management.
    • Protection and resilience of critical information infrastructure with the set up of National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC).
  • International Mechanisms:
    • Budapest Convention on Cybercrime: It is an international treaty that seeks to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations. It came into force on 1st July 2004. India is not a signatory to this convention.
    • Internet Governance Forum (IGF): It brings together all stakeholders i.e. government, private sector and civil society on the Internet governance debate.